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Nitecore was established in 2007 and has helped their consumers harness illumination power for the ability to see better, working faster, and getting jobs done. The company develops the most high-tech and precision flashlights around the world. Products from Nitecore have three primary principles that root the foundations. These include practicality, creativity, and engineering perfection. When these principles are put together with perfectionists and enthusiasts high demands, unique lines of products are created. Because of this, Nitecore leads their industry in aesthetics, output, portability, and functionality. The company has over a hundred design patents along with various international awards. Nitecore products are sought out heavily in Oceania, the Middle East, Europe, and America to total over a hundred countries. The company, as a PLATO member, has established a global distribution network.
Alkaline type batteries are dependent on a reaction between manganese dioxide and zinc. The rechargeable alkaline batteries allow the reuse of cells that are specially designed. The name Alkaline comes from the batteries having an alkaline electrolyte of potassium hydroxide. This type is different from batteries that are zinc-carbon which have a zinc chloride or ammonium chloride electrolyte. Other batteries use the alkaline electrolytes. However, those other batteries use different materials for activating the electrodes.
Lithium-ion type batteries are widely used in electronics bought by consumers, being a popular rechargeable battery choice for electronics. They have a high energy density, no effect on memory, and a slow charge loss when the battery is not being used. Other than consumer electronics, Li-ion batteries, or LIBs, are gaining popularity for electric vehicles, aerospace applications, and the military. Research is improving LIB technology by focusing on intrinsic safety, cost, durability, and energy density.
This is a list of what NOT to do while handling Lithium Batteries:
i) DO NOT let children have any access to the lithium batteries.
ii) Don't put the batteries into devices backward.
iii) Don't mix rechargeable and disposable batteries.
iv) If there is a lithium battery that has caught fire, DON'T put water on the battery. Instead, use a fire extinguisher that is class "D" or some other type of smothering agent.
v) Don't store lithium batteries with combustible or hazardous materials.
vi) Don't mix lithium batteries with used batteries or other types of batteries.
vii) DO NOT put loose batteries inside a purse, pocket, or any other receptacle that contain metal objects.
Also try to store Li-ion batteries in dry, cold, ventilated areas.
There are multiple reasons consumers prefer Lithium-ion type batteries over the alkaline batteries:
i) For a specific battery volume or size, it takes two alkaline type batteries to equal one 123A Li-ion battery's power output, giving the Li-ion a higher density of power.
ii) Li-ion batteries are almost half the weight of alkaline batteries but also put out more energy.
iii) Alkalines put out 1.5 volts while the 123A Li-ion batteries put out 3 volts.
iv) Li-ions maintain a pretty constant voltage for the majority of its battery life, usually 95%. This also depends on the discharge rate of the battery. At medium or higher discharge rates, alkaline battery voltages will drop quickly which makes them not suitable for higher output devices.
v) Li-ion batteries are capable of retaining 90% of the power they initially began with after being stored for ten years. This makes them excellent for anyone who prepares for emergency situations. Alkalines deplete at a much faster rate while in storage.
vi) Li-ion batteries have a far better temperature tolerance than alkaline. They can perform efficiently from -76 degrees Fahrenheit to 176 degrees Fahrenheit, or -60 degrees Celcius to 80 degrees Celsius.
Nitecore produces a variety of chargers and batteries. Here is a list of what the company develops in those fields:
Chargers - i) Single Battery - The F1 Flex Charger.
ii) Two Batteries - The F2 Flex Charger, the D2 Charger, and the i2 Charger.
iii) Four Batteries - The i4 Charger, the D4 Charger, and the SC4 Super Charger.
iv) Eight Batteries - The i8 Charger.
Batteries - i) 18650 - The NL1835HP which is 3500mAh and 8A, the NL1835R which is 3500mAh, and the NL1826 which is 2600mAh. There is also the IMR18650 that is 2900mAh.
ii) 14500 - The NL147 which is 750mAh.
iii) RCR123 - The NL166 which is 650mAh.
iv) USB - In this category, the batteries plug in directly via USB to charge. These include the NL1665R battery that is 650mAh and the NL1475R battery that is 750mAh.